FAA Small Unmanned Aircraft Regulation (Part 107: Flying over people)

sUAS (Drone) Operating Requirements "Flying Over People"


Here are the Operating requirements for the Small UAS Operator. Please DO NOT fly your drone over people. Never, just do not do it. Call Drone Dogs, we know the rules and can legally fly for commercial purposes.

Operating Requirements

The small UAS operator manipulating the controls of a drone should always avoid manned aircraft and never operate in a careless or reckless manner. You must keep your drone within sight. Alternatively, if you use First Person View or similar technology, you must have a visual observer always keep your aircraft within unaided sight (for example, no binoculars). However, even if you use a visual observer, you must still keep your unmanned aircraft close enough to be able to see it if something unexpected happens.  Neither you nor a visual observer can be responsible for more than one unmanned aircraft operation at a time.

You can fly during daylight or in twilight (30 minutes before official sunrise to 30 minutes after official sunset, local time) with appropriate anti-collision lighting. Minimum weather visibility is three miles from your control station. The maximum allowable altitude is 400 feet above the ground, and higher if your drone remains within 400 feet of a structure. The maximum speed is 100 mph (87 knots).

You can’t fly a small UAS over anyone who is not directly participating in the operation, not under a covered structure, or not inside a covered stationary vehicle. No operations from a moving vehicle are allowed unless you are flying over a sparsely populated area.

Operations in Class G airspace are allowed without air traffic control permission. Operations in Class B, C, D and E airspace need ATC approval. See Chapter 14 in the Pilot's Handbook (PDF).

You can carry an external load if it is securely attached and does not adversely affect the flight characteristics or controllability of the aircraft. You also may transport property for compensation or hire within state boundaries provided the drone – including its attached systems, payload and cargo – weighs less than 55 pounds total and you obey the other flight rules. (Some exceptions apply to Hawaii and the District of Columbia. These are spelled out in Part 107.)

You can request a waiver of most operational restrictions if you can show that your proposed operation can be conducted safely under a waiver. The FAA will make an online portal available to apply for such waivers.

Operations over human beings (UA.I.B.K15)

§ 107.39 Operation over human beings

No person may operate a small unmanned aircraft over a human being unless that human being is:

(a) Directly participating in the operation of the small unmanned aircraft; or

(b) Located under a covered structure or inside a stationary vehicle that can provide reasonable protection from a falling small unmanned aircraft.

AC 107-2 CHAPTER 5. PART 107 SUBPART B, OPERATING LIMITATIONS FOR SMALL UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS (sUAS)

5.11 Prohibited Operation Over Persons. Part 107 prohibits a person from flying a small UA directly over a person who is not under a safe cover, such as a protective structure or a stationary vehicle. However, a small UA may be flown over a person who is directly participating in the operation of the sUAS, such as the remote PIC, other person manipulating the controls, a VO, or crewmembers necessary for the safety of the sUAS operation, as assigned and briefed by the remote PIC. There are several ways that the sUAS remote PIC can comply with these requirements, such as:

• Selecting an operational area (site) that is clearly unpopulated/uninhabited. If selecting a site that is populated/inhabited, have a plan of action, which ensures persons remain clear of the operating area, remain indoors, or remain under safe cover until such time that the small UA flight has ended. Safe cover is a structure or stationary vehicle that would protect a person from harm if the small UA were to crash into that structure or vehicle;

• Establishing an operational area in which the remote PIC has taken reasonable precautions to keep free of persons not directly participating in the operation of the sUAS;

• Choosing an operating area that is sparsely populated, or, ideally, clear of persons if operating a small UA from a moving vehicle;

• Having a plan of action that ensures the small UA remains clear of persons who may enter the operating area.

• Adopt an appropriate operating distance from persons not directly participating in the operation of the sUAS.

References:

https://www.faa.gov/news/fact_sheets/news_story.cfm?newsId=20516

Jim Noss

Drone Dogs Media, 233 Golf Club Drive, Key West, FL, 33040

Originally from the heartland of Pennsylvania, Jim is a seasoned Principal Software Engineer by trade having worked in the Baltimore/DC area. With over thirty years working in the intelligence community and creating awesome systems to help our Warfighters. Jim started two small businesses while maintaining his software career. Now at the thirty-year mark of his career, he just grew tired of the bullshit and decided to leave the rat race and move to Key West with his family. Still trying to dabble in software development for the government customer in Key West, he quickly realized that he was done working for other narrow-minded people, He needed a change and needed to work for himself enjoying what he did on a day-to-day basis. 

Jim decided to pursue the Drone Life. Studying all there is about drone aerial photography  and piloting a drone. Jim received his FAA Part 107 sUAS Certification and started putting all his business and drone knowledge into practice. There was no going back to a crappy soul-sucking computer desk job. Life is just too damn short for that. 

Having passion, a strong work ethic and the attention to customer service, Jim is focused on building the most successful drone aerial service business in the Florida Keys and beyond. Jim is currently based in Key West and is working on getting waivers to fly, legally,  in the Class D restricted air space of Key West.

If you are interested in what services the Drone Dogs can provide, please contact our team today for a consultation.

FAA 107 LICENSED & INSURED sUAS PILOT